Journal of Critical Studies in Language and Literature journal of crJournal of Critical Studies in Language and Literature (JCSLL) is a bimonthly double-blind peer-reviewed "Premier" open access journal that represents an interdisciplinary and critical forum for analysing and discussing the various dimensions in the interplay between language, literature, and translation. It locates at the intersection of disciplines including linguistics, discourse studies, stylistic analysis, linguistic analysis of literature, comparative literature, literary criticism, translation studies, literary translation and related areas. It focuses mainly on the empirically and critically founded research on the role of language, literature, and translation in all social processes and dynamics. Global Talent Academy Press en-US Journal of Critical Studies in Language and Literature 2732-4605 “Fighting against the Repressed- Insanity or Death?”: Comparing Tagore’s Haimanti and Gilman’s Unnamed Narrator <p>According to Psychoanalytic Theory, Sigmund Freud’s concept of “repression” refers to the unpleasant or unacceptable emotions that one consciously pushes aside from the conscious mind in order to escape from shame, guilt, and anxiety. These emotions remain unconscious and may return in negative forms, such as psychological disorders, nightmares, and hallucinations, etc. This article investigates two female protagonists of Rabindranath Tagore and Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Haimanti and the Unnamed Narrator, who faced serious consequences as a result of keeping their negative emotions and experiences repressed: The eponymous protagonist Haimanti in “Haimanti” (1914) endured torturous humiliation by her in-laws for her uncompromising honesty and not being able to fulfill the promise of giving dowry, while The Narrator in Gilman’s short story, “The Yellow Wallpaper” (1892), became a prisoner of the defective treatment named ‘rest cure’, where she lost all freedom under the complete domination of her loving but restrictive husband. Employing Sigmund Freud’s concept of “repression,” this article offers a critical comparison between the consequences of the two female protagonists, which unfolds in two ways: it underscores if and how “repression” played a role behind their negative consequences and how the same theme is represented differently across a range of time and the author’s point of view. This article contends that, in both cases, the protagonists, despite being strong and creative women or having relentless love and support from their male counterparts, stopped fighting for themselves and kept their negative experiences and emotions repressed. Consequentially, the repressed emotions returned in two hideous forms: Haimanti’s health deteriorated and she committed psychological femicide, and the Unnamed Narrator hallucinated, developed psychosis and completely lost sanity.</p> Sadia Binte Kausar Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-25 2024-03-25 5 3 1 6 10.46809/jcsll.v5i3.262 Racial Ideologies and Imperial Discourses: A New Historicist Reading of Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden” <p>Set against the backdrop of the 19th-century apex of European colonial expansion and formation of New Imperialism, Rudyard Kipling's "The White Man's Burden", composed in 1899, emerges as a cultural artefact reflecting and actively participating in the racial and imperialistic discourses prevalent during this epoch. Generally criticized for perpetuating a one-sided narrative, the poem ignores the violence, exploitation, and cultural disruption wrought by colonial powers and presents an idealized vision of the colonizers' mission without acknowledging the harsh realities faced by the colonized. The present article offers a comprehensive New Historicist examination of Kipling's iconic poem by contextualizing it within the racial and exceptionalist socio-political and pseudoscientific milieu of the late 19th century United Kingdom and the complex web of imperial ideologies prevalent in the Victorian era. By engaging critically with Kipling's poem, this study aims to give insights into the intersections between literature, power, and historical context and offer a nuanced understanding of the legacies of imperialistic ideologies and their implications for our present-day understanding of empire and race.</p> Hossein Zamani Alavijeh Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-26 2024-03-26 5 3 7 13 10.46809/jcsll.v5i3.263 Memory as a Universal Thinking Machine <p>The present article is designed to reassess the intrinsic values of using memory in the process of language acquisition and language learning, with a focus on the four skills – reading, writing, listening, and speaking – as the building blocks in achieving the best communication goals. According to researchers like Mary Carruthers, Janine Rider, or Lambert Schenkel, there are people who possess a retentive memory, and others who excel in the power of memory. One way or another, memory gives us the ability that generates knowledge, and, by the same token, enables us to speak, read, and write effectively and logically. The sustaining pillars of this monumental edifice are, as touted by medieval thinkers, the concept of memory as a universal thinking machine, as well as (according to more recent researchers) the power of working memory, which can work wonders when we know how to hold and manipulate knowledge. The study of memory from a historical perspective and reflected in world literature can give us an exhaustive frame of reference and the benefits that result in turning accumulated knowledge into accumulated learning.</p> Dan Manolescu Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 3 14 18 10.46809/jcsll.v5i3.266 Entrepreneurship Education in Interactions in English Terminale and Mastering English (High School), Cameroon EFL/ESL Textbooks: A Critical Discourse Analysis <p>Entrepreneurship education in the 21<sup>st</sup> century has increasingly become an important topic in the field of language teaching. EFL/ESL textbooks, in the process of teaching English, have incorporated, among themes of interest, entrepreneurship, which is helpful to transform students’ environments, improve their socio-economic status, and keep them away from poverty. However, the teaching methodology and the quality of materials selected bear questionable social practices likely to denature textbook designers’ laudable intentions. This paper is a critical discourse analysis of the teaching of entrepreneurship in two selected Cameroon English language textbooks used in the French and English subsystems of education, namely <em>Interactions in English</em> <em>Terminale</em> and <em>Mastering English (High School)</em>. It is a sociolinguistic qualitative study which hinges on Fairclough’s (2001) three-dimensional theoretical paradigm, which holds that discourses are not language-bound but encompass internal features that (re)produce social structures, social practices, and power relations, reinforcing social inequalities and hegemonic ideologies. The findings yielded significant findings, showing that both <em>Interactions in</em> <em>English Terminale</em> and <em>Mastering English</em> textbooks are replications of the political, economic, and social institutions of Cameroon society and inadvertently promote gender discrimination in terms of entrepreneurship representation. The textbooks examined are too idealistic in their entrepreneurial discourses and outcomes. They fail to expose students to the realities of entrepreneurial ventures, thereby depriving them of the risks and challenges faced by the prominent entrepreneurs celebrated in their course books. This study is relevant as it contributes to the improvement of entrepreneurship pedagogy in EFL/ESL textbooks used in Cameroon classrooms while adopting realistic overtones.</p> Yepdia Leundjeu Walter Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 3 19 29 10.46809/jcsll.v5i3.268 Exploring Feminine Subjugation and Liberation: A Comparative Analysis of Gender Roles and Patriarchal Constraints in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's “The Yellow Wallpaper” and Kate Chopin's “The Story of an Hour” <p>The major problem of how women live in a society devoid of freedom, where they are repressed, subordinated, and denied rights. Women are still treated unfairly in modern culture, despite the fact that their views are heard. Similarly, Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" illustrates the struggles women face to assert personal identity. And in "The Story of an Hour," the heroine is dominated by her husband. Sadly, the predominance of men in practically every sector of society, including Politics, Economics, Education, and even Psychology, significantly restricts their freedom. The aim is to elevate women to equal status with men in society. Women have made a variety of attempts to express their desires. The goal is to challenge men's domination or at the very least, elevate women to a status where they are on par with males in society, as patriarchal culture has kept women at the bottom of the social hierarchy. This article focuses on women’s role, loss of identity, their unhappy married lives, and the search for individuality in the face of social norms.</p> V. Monisha Prem Shankar Pandey Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 5 3 30 34 10.46809/jcsll.v5i3.269